National Unity Day 2019: Why is Rashtriya Ekta Diwas celebrated on Vallabhbhai Patel's birth anniversary?
Rashtriya Ekta Diwas 2019 (National Unity Day): The ‘Rashtriya Ekta Diwas’ or the National Unity Day is celebrated on October 31, which is the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel — an Indian politician who played an instrumental role in India’s struggle for independence, and later during the integration of the country.
In 2014, when a new government formed at the Centre, it was decided that October 31 be celebrated as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas — an announcement that was made by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Announcing the observance, the Ministry of Home Affairs had said in a press release that the “occasion will provide an opportunity to reaffirm the inherent strength and resilience of our nation to withstand the actual and potential threats to the unity, integrity, and security of our country.”
At the time of independence, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel played a key role in convincing several princely states to align with the Indian Union. The day of his birth, therefore, celebrates his efforts and contributions.
Last year, the government unveiled the ‘Statue of Unity’, sculpted in his honour, in the state of Gujarat. The colossal statue of the first Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister of independent India stands at a height of 182 metres and is the tallest in the world.
On this day, many schools and offices organise programmes that promote national integration among the citizens of the country.